Dermatologists located in Bluefield, Radford and Wytheville, VA and Beckley, Princeton and Oak Hill, WV


Eczema can change the texture, color, and appearance of your skin, making it dry, rough, and uncomfortable. At Derm One in Bluefield, Radford, and Wytheville, Virginia, and Beckley, Princeton, and Oak Hills, West Virginia, relief is available through personalized treatment plans and targeted care. Your dermatologist can help manage your symptoms and minimize flare-ups for clearer, smoother, more comfortable skin. Call or schedule an appointment online today to learn more.

Eczema Q & A

What is eczema?

Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is a chronic (long-term) skin condition that causes red, inflamed, itchy patches of skin. The skin may develop oozing blisters and dry patches that make everyday life difficult. It can appear nearly anywhere, including the face, neck, inside of elbows, trunk, backs of the knees, and scalp.

What does eczema look and feel like?

Eczema can look or feel different based on its type and severity. Warning signs include:

  • Dry, itchy, or sensitive skin
  • Red or inflamed patches
  • Swelling or puffiness
  • Rough or scaly skin
  • Small, raised bumps or blisters
  • Cracking or peeling skin
  • Oozing or weeping sores in severe cases
  • Dark or light patches of skin
  • Thickened, leathery areas (lichenification)
  • Mild or intense itching

Eczema can also cause discomfort or pain, especially if your skin’s protective barrier breaks or becomes infected.

Does eczema last forever?

When eczema develops during childhood, it can resolve spontaneously. However, it’s a lifelong condition for most people. Most treatments focus on managing the condition and minimizing flare-ups. 

What causes eczema?

Eczema results from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Experts believe an overactive immune system can contribute to its development. Some of the most common triggers for eczema include:

  • Allergens (pollen, pet dander, dust mites, etc.)
  • Irritants like soaps, detergents, and certain fabrics
  • Hot or cold weather 
  • Excessive sweating
  • Stress and emotional factors
  • Food allergens (in some cases)
  • Skin infections
  • Fragrances and perfumes
  • Exposure to tobacco smoke
  • Hormonal changes (pregnancy, menstruation, menopause, etc.)
  • Harsh skin care products
  • Allergic reactions

Your dermatologist discusses your lifestyle, symptoms, and other factors to determine your specific triggers.

How do doctors diagnose eczema?

Your Derm One dermatologist can diagnose eczema by conducting a physical exam, reviewing your medical history, and assessing the appearance and location of skin rashes and symptoms. A visual exam is usually enough to make a proper diagnosis, but your dermatologist may take a biopsy to investigate further.

Is eczema treatable?

While eczema has no cure, it is treatable. Derm One offers a wide range of eczema treatment options, including:

  • Topical steroids
  • Moisturizers
  • Topical calcineurin inhibitors
  • Antihistamines
  • Wet wrap therapy
  • Phototherapy
  • Biologics
  • Oral steroids
  • Lifestyle and dietary changes
  • Prescription medications
  • Trigger avoidance

Your dermatologist may recommend a combination of treatments to manage flare-ups. Call Derm One today or schedule an appointment online to learn more.